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Photo of Tabita Rosendal Ebbesen

Tabita Rosendal Ebbesen

Doctoral student

Photo of Tabita Rosendal Ebbesen

China’s Buddhist strategic narratives in Sri Lanka—benefits and Buddhism?


  • Tabita Rosendal Ebbesen

Summary, in English

While the economic impact of China’s ‘Belt and Road’ Initiative (BRI) in Sri Lanka has been closely monitored in recent years, few studies have focused on the role of China’s Buddhist narratives in furthering the countries’ interests. By analyzing the Buddhist strategic narratives used in official Chinese and Sri Lankan statements, this article argues that under the BRI’s ‘people-to-people’ bonds, Chinese and Sri Lankan officials have used the Buddhist history and exchanges between the two nations to advocate for BRI projects, and to strengthen their cultural ties. This article finds, more narrowly, that China’s Buddhist diplomacy in Sri Lanka has increased since the BRI’s inception, and that it has focused on enhancing bilateral relations and mitigating criticism of projects. China’s strategic narratives have been somewhat successful, but since they are employed alongside economic investments, their precise impact is difficult to measure. More broadly, the CCP is increasingly positioning itself and the BRI through religious strategic narratives to mitigate criticism and further its interests and stature in the international system. However, while China’s projection of Buddhist strategic narratives, in tandem with infrastructure investments, may ensure the BRI’s continued implementation, this depends on the willingness of host countries of accepting these narratives.


  • Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies, Lund University

Publishing year







The Pacific Review

Document type

Journal article


Taylor & Francis


  • Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • China
  • Sri Lanka
  • Belt and Road Initiative
  • Religious diplomacy
  • Buddhism
  • strategic narratives




  • Fragmented Power: Contemporary Chinese Governance Practices of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road


  • ISSN: 0951-2748